take a normal book (ordinary sized hard cover book) as a model artefact – you may think the miniature book would be exactly the same only smaller – preserving quantative proportions e.g. the relative size of the page – but what happens to the qualitative relations of material experience? – e.g. the stiffness of the paper, the thickness of the cover, the smoothness of the spine cover to touch – not the least: the size of the letters of the text to readability – it seems to me the ambition to model the miniature book on a normal book inevitably leads to imperfections – to resolve those you would need to use materials that have the same proportional relations to the sensuous experience of the whole as with a normal book, e.g. use extra thin paper with the desirable softness – the normal book can not be The Model, I think – the miniature book has to claim its own characteristic identity – when using ordinary paper (e.g. 80 grs) the result is a specific sensuous experience different from a normal book – e.g. the stiffness of the textblock – that you actually observe as an prominent property when leafing through a miniature book – the same kind of paper in a normal book does not disrupt your handling that book – and the ’gaping’ book that I find unsatisfactory – my miniature books will not stay flat and closed like normal books – also the ’relief surface’ (levels) on the cover resulting from overlapping papers glued on top of each other – (it is clearly showing in the photos) – but of course I could change direction and make it a goal to achieve the ’perfect’ miniature – it is probably a feasible goal – on contemplation I realize that what I really enjoy in the making of my miniature books is being challenged by the various materials’ resistance to perfection – I sympathize with the stubbornness of the paper, the card board, the glue, the knife – and I have to give and take in the design of the book – in every element: from the text to the cover – don’t get me wrong: the stubbornness of the material is a metaphor – in no way do materials have agency, will or intentions.